Understanding the Differences Between Open and Closed Adoption

Adopting a child is an exciting, life-changing experience. Once you’ve made the decision to bring a child into your home, the next step is to consider the different types of adoption that are available to you. In the past, adoptions were traditionally “closed”. Today, however, it has become increasingly common to pursue “open” adoptions. So, what are the main differences between open and closed adoptions, and which one is right for you?

Closed Adoption

In a closed adoption, there is no contact between the biological parents and the adoptive parents. This is most common in international adoptions where the adoptive parents put their name on a list and are matched with a child by an international adoption agency. Even in closed domestic adoptions where the adoptive and birth parents know each other, the parties involved do not and are not expected to stay in touch once the papers have been signed and the adoption has been made official. In a closed adoption, the birth parents are also not allowed to contact the child. Closed adoption might be right for you if you would like a strong sense of privacy in the adoption process. Many parents choose closed adoption because they want the child to feel fully integrated into the family, and not have another set of parents contacting them sporadically.

Open Adoption

Open adoption is the most common type of adoption in the United States today. This system allows for some form of contact between birth parents and adoptive parents. The degree to which an adoption is “open” can vary greatly depending on the people and families involved. In some cases, birth parents will choose the family that adopts their child and will stay in touch after the adoption has taken place. Adoptive parents may elect to only allow monthly or yearly visits or phone calls from the biological parents. Open adoption may be right for you if you are flexible. Many adoptive parents choose the open adoption route to be able to provide their child with answers about where they come from. Open adoption eliminates the mystery that often comes with adopting a child and tends to give parents a sense of security.

Contact Us

Whether you are considering open or closed adoption, the lawyers at The Maynard Law Firm, PLLC are here to help you. Our legal team has years of experience helping parents through the adoption process, and we are prepared to do the same for you. Contact us today by calling (817) 335-9600.